Comparison: Ranchi, Patna, and Jamshedpur

Ranchi, Patna, and Jamshedpur, all three cities have their unique attractions and ways of living life. Each of them has its own architecture, their own culture, and tradition, and are in no way inferior to another. However, from an ideal perspective, a quantitative analysis of being a ‘more developed city’ can be done.


Patna – the capital city of Bihar


Patna, the capital of Bihar, is the 19th largest urban city in India. It has a population of about 2.39 million people, with a literacy rate of 83,37%. Patna is well connected with Air, Rail, and Road routes with the rest of Bihar and the majority of Eastern India. 


The foundation of the city can be dated as back as 490 BCE. Its name has changed several times over all these years, currently being Patna. The majority of Patna’s economy primarily depended on agriculture and the export of agricultural produce. However, around 2005, Patna has seen rapid growth in the Fast-Moving consumer goods industry. In 2009, Patna was stated as the 2nd best city in India to start-up a business. It is the 5th fastest growing city in India with an estimated annual growth of about 3.72%. The city is also emerging as an IT-based economy with a newly established TCS office, that became operational in 2019.


Patna has a large number of primary and high schools that are both public and/or privately owned. It also has a large number of institutes of higher education like Patna University, IIT Patna, NIT Patna, AIIMS Patna, Birla Institute of Technology Patna, and many more. Patna, being an old historical city, is studded with monuments and places of historical importance. Apart from that it also has a lot of modern-day built parks and recreational centers. Tourists visiting Patna account for about 40% of the total tourism of Bihar.


Patna has always been an important city, and as a result, continues to see immigration of people till date. However, the living conditions here are a bit congested and crowded. People who are fond of calm surroundings and empty roads won’t adore living in Patna very much.


Ranchi – the capital city of Jharkhand


Ranchi, the capital of Jharkhand, is the 46th largest urban city in India. It has a population of about 1,073,427 people (and counting), with a literacy rate of 87.68%. Ranchi is well connected by Railways, Roads, and Airways. It has its own airport as well as a Railway Station.


It is one of the major industrial cities of Eastern India. Due to its richness in mineral reserves, it is home to a lot of mineral-based industries like SAIL, MECON.Ltd, Central Coal Fields, STPI Ranchi, Heavy Engineering Corp, etc. According to a survey of ASSOCHAM (Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India) in 2010, Ranchi was the highest employment generating tier-III city in India, after Mangalore and Mysore.


The city has a number of public and private schools and colleges that provide primary as well as higher education to students of Ranchi. However, one may have to move out for better Engineering/Medical colleges (like in any other city). Ranchi is lined up with places to visit, the most popular ones being Nucleus Shopping Mall, Dassam Falls, Getalsud Dam, Hundru Falls, Jagannath Temple, Kanke Dam, Rock Garden, Sita Falls, Tagore Hills, etc. 

Since Jharkhand’s formation, Ranchi has seen a lot of immigrating people, in search of better jobs and a better way of life. This has always kept the demand for Real Estate alive in the city. Living costs are low to medium as compared to a tier-I city and people here lead a calm and peaceful life.


Jamshedpur – the steel city of India


Jamshedpur is the 36th largest urban agglomeration in India and is the First Planned Industrial City of India. According to the 2011 census, it had a population of 629,659 people with an average literacy rate of 89.41%. Jamshedpur is home to the first private Steel Plant in the country i.e. Tata Steel, which is the largest in India. Tata Motors is the second major industry of Jamshedpur. Nuvoco Vistas Corp’s is Asia’s largest Cement Grinding Plant located in Jamshedpur. The city is well connected with National Highways and rail routes. Sonari Airport (mainly used for Tata Group’s chartered planes) currently serves the city, however, a new airport at Dhalbhumgarh is under construction.


Jamshedpur has a large number of primary and high schools that easily meet the basic education needs of the students. It also has some of the top tier institutes like XLRI (Xavier Labor Relations Institute), NIT Jamshedpur, Shavak Nanavati Technical Institute, and a National Metallurgical Laboratory. With Tata Steel promoting various sporting activities like football, archery, mountaineering, cricket, golf, etc. Jamshedpur is regarded as the sports capital of Jharkhand.


It is ranked no. 1 in the Cleanliness Survey 2020 and is also ranked 2nd in India in terms of Quality of Life. Jamshedpur is home to a large number of zoological parks, gardens, recreational centers, malls, shopping complexes, etc.


Jamshedpur is one of the fastest-growing cities in India and as a result, it’s always in demand when it comes to Real Estate. Many companies and Real Estate Giants have established their projects in this prime city.


Being a modern-day planned city, it is quite calm and much less crowded than the likes of Ranchi or Patna, as a result, people moving to the eastern part of India, mostly prefer Jamshedpur over the nearby cities. There are a large number of Real Estate Projects that are being built or already built in the city.


Ashiana Housing Ltd. also has two of its luxurious Comfort Living Home projects in the city, i.e. Ashiana Aditya (Adityapur) and Ashiana Sehar(Pardih-Mango). Both these projects have all the international standard amenities that one requires in any housing project like – 24×7 security guards, 24×7 CCTV surveillance, common area maintenance, garbage Collection, daily use shops, on-call servicemen, kids play area and clubhouse. On top of all these basic services, both the projects are lined with state of the art amenities like – 

  • AC Gymnasium
  • Swimming Pool/Kids Pool
  • Multipurpose Halls
  • Pool Table
  • Table-Tennis
  • Walking and Jogging tracks
  • Amphitheatre
  • Kids Play Area

While all these basic and additional amenities make these housing projects top the buyers’ desirability, the brand has got more to offer. The consumer trust over Ashiana Housing as a reliable real estate brand is based on the promises the developer has delivered upon over the decades-

  • Timely Possession

Be it any project of ours, timely possession of the house is a guarantee

  • Transparency

We at Ashiana Housing, strongly believe in ‘What You See is What You Get’, thus maintaining full transparency throughout the buying process

  • Maintenance & Management

Our maintenance & management teams strive to give you the best living experience. We’ve been doing an excellent job in the pandemic situation, our residents can vouch for that, and we’ll continue to so in the future as well

  • Intelligent Design

Our projects are always well designed in such a way that ample exterior space is available to the residents, but again, not at the cost of congested apartments, we tend to strike a perfect middle ground every time

  • Convenience

All our projects are gated, and convenience stores are present on campus, playing area for kids, walking area for adults, ours is a perfect project for the whole family.


Jamshedpur is ranked 2nd best city in India for quality of life; this tells pretty much about life in the city., Furthermore, to lead a hassle-free life, a hassle-free living environment is necessary. We at Ashiana Housing take care of your housing, and your daily housing needs, so you can enjoy your life in the city!

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About The Author

Athira Kumari,

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